In one of the most convincing studies till date, scientists can detect people at the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) by simply undergoing the retinal examination.
What Is Retinal Examination?
Nobody would have expected that simple retinal examination could help predicting the risk of a heart ailment.
Today, the technology has become quite advanced. Combining information of the pattern of retinal blood vessels with their genetic data, it can be analyzed to determine the risk of developing coronary artery disease (CAD).
The above procedure will also help in determining some other medical conditions like myocardial infarction (MI) (heart attack).
A majority of deaths are reported in the US due to heart failure. Some of the reasons why this is happening include the changing life styles of individuals.
If you wish to reduce the risk of heart attack, then the best possible ways to do this is by quitting smoking and maintaining normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
The new discovery which has come to light comprises a simple screening test or procedure where a MI risk is calculated after a person undergoes a simple eye test.
This is what the researchers have to say, “We already knew that variations in the vasculature of the retina might offer insights into our health. Given that retinal imaging is a non-invasive technique, we decided to investigate the health benefits we could obtain from these images.” they said.
They further stated that they first studied the branching behavior of retinal vasculature from 5 lakh participants across UK. They soon identified that simplified vessel branching patterns along with lower DF leads to CAD and them MI.