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Updated on December 10, 2022 8:05 AM
All countries
Updated on December 10, 2022 8:05 AM
All countries
Updated on December 10, 2022 8:05 AM

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on December 10, 2022 8:05 AM
All countries
Updated on December 10, 2022 8:05 AM
All countries
Updated on December 10, 2022 8:05 AM
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How Saline Nasal Spray Helps to Get Relief from Natural Allergy

saline nasal spray

Saline Nasal Spray: For all of us, allergy is the most common term we come across. It’s because it’s a common problem that we have to face. Allergies can be due to different agents.

But most people with allergies often look for simple remedy, especially when they fail to get relief using local medications.

In cases of nasal allergies, saline nasal spray has been found to be quite effective. There are times when people get nasal allergy due to pollen. In such circumstances, the best way to get rid of it to use saltwater (saline) nasal spray.

Saline Nasal Spray for Allergies

When you get nasal allergy, the entire nasal passage tends to become dry. Studies have shown that a saline nasal spray helps to restore the moisture. This helps curb any kind of inflammation of mucous membranes.


Other than above, if you decide to use a Neti pot or a kind of small squirt bottle for the purpose of saline irrigation on a regular basis, it will drastically help to thin mucus. Doing this will automatically clean your entire nasal passage by getting rid of pollen and other allergic agents.

How to Use Saline Nasal Spray?

In case, you have come in contact with any allergen and require a nasal spray, the best option will be to make it at your home.

Most of the time, saline nasal sprays are isotonic which means that the concentration of saline solution will be the same as as of your body.

On the other hand, if you use a hypertonic saline nasal spray, it will have somewhat higher salt concentration as compared to your body. Both of the are good to use and are found beneficial to clear mucus.

Other benefit of saline nasal spray is that hey tend to keep cilia in your nose heathy. Cilia are nothing but small hair like structures found inside your nose that help to make the air humid before going to lungs.

Cilia can also trap bacteria or any other invading agent from going inside and helps to aid your sense of smell. So, if you try to keep cilia healthy, nasal saline sprays can be a better option to treat problems like sinusitis and rhinitis.


When to Use Saline Spray?

When you start using nasal spray due to any kind of allergy, they straightaway clear any sort of allergy and other invading agents from entering your body through your nostrils. In addition to this they can also help remove pollen from the nasal lining.

These sprays can also be used to add moisture, especially if you have a tendency of your nose going dry during winter weather.

In case, you tend to use a nasal steroid spray against your allergies, experts suggest to first try using a nasal saline spray to cleanse your nose to get rid of thick mucus and debris.


How to Make Saline Solution At Home?

If you decide to make A simply saline nasal spray at home, it would be the best option for you as it will obviously help you wash your nose and sinuses.

In order to make one, you need to use your cupped hands, a plastic squirt bottle, a Neti pot, and a bulb syringe. In any case, a homemade saline nasal spray will be the best.

Now, to make the solution, all you need is 3 teaspoons of non-iodized salt and mix it with one teaspoon of baking soda. Please store the above mixture in a clean jar.

After you feel the need to use it, simply mix a teaspoon of the above mixture with 8 ounces of sterile, distilled or previously boiled and cooled water.

Next, you need to store your home made saline solution at room temperature and mix it before using it. In case, your solution stings, try to use less salt.

Pour the solution in such a way that so that it goes from one nostril and comes out from another one. In doing so, you are required to adjust the position of your head so as to keep it run down the back of your throat.


How Often Can You Use Saline Nasal Spray

If you are caught with allergy and need to use a nasal spray, you can always use up to 6-8 ounces of solution in each of your nasal cavity for 1-2 times on a daily basis or as prescribed by your medical health expert.


What to Do If You’re Unable to Use It?

If you are unable to use the nasal saline spray by any means, simply go to a doctor so that he could help you show the exact way to perform it in an effective way.


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Also Read: Ragweed Allergy: Rising Ragweed Level Means Fall Allergy Season Is Near



Probiotic Multi Enzyme Uses, Side Effects & More

Probiotic Multi Enzyme

The article is about probiotic multi enzymes that are mainly digestive enzymes. Please note that probiotic contains different types of bacteria.

There are certain conditions that can change the normal balance of bacteria in stomach and intestines.

In order to rectify this problem, probiotics are often used which help improve digestion and also restore normal flora.

Most common digestive enzymes like lactase and lipase are some natural substances required by our body. These enzymes help break your digestive food and aid in digestion.

These days, the use of probiotics have increased. For example, probiotic multi enzyme is used to rectify bowel symptoms like bloating, abdominal discomfort and gas.

These are also used to treat lactose intolerance. Different probiotic products have different uses. You are advised to check the label of information before using any such product.


How to Use Probiotic Multi Enzyme

First, make sure you follow all the directions written on he product before usage. If your doctor has prescribed the product, you should take it as directed.

In case, you have any questions, you can have a a word with your pharmacist or doctor.

Also, if your condition gets worsen, or in any other case, make sure to get medical help right away.


Side Effects of Probiotic Multi Enzyme

There are some side effects using probiotic Multi Enzyme including gas or bloating, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain/cramps, constipation, constipation, etc.

In case, you have discovered any serious side effects using probiotic, you need to consult with your doctor right away.

There are times when you get a serious allergic reaction to this drug which can be very rare. For example, you can have sore throat that doesn’t go away. Sometimes, the person may also get chills or fever.

There are some other serious side effects like trouble breathing, severe dizziness, face/tongue/throat and more. In such cases, please don’t ignore them and seek medical attention.

At the same time, please also note that they are not the complete list of side effects. If you have any other side effect listed above, consult your doctor immediately.

In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

In the US – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at


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There are some precautions that you need to keep in mind before using Probiotic Multi Enzyme. For example, if you are allergic to it, you must tell your doctor not to prescribe it.

The product may contain some inactive ingredients causing allergic reactions or any other health issues. In such cases, talk to your doctor immediately.

If you have any other query related to your health, consult with your dcotor right away. There are cases when you have conditions like diarrhea or a pancreas related issues that last for more than 2 days.

In such case, make sure to consult with your doctor to seek medical attention.

Also, make sure to use this product in pregnancy, if otherwise directed by your physician.

It’s still unknown if this product passes into breast milk. You need to consult with your doctor before breast feeding.


Drug interactions may change as per the working of your medications. It may also increase your risk for any kind of serious side effects.

Please note that this document doesn’t contain all the drug interactions.

In order to be safe, please make a list of all the products you use including prescription and share it with your medical expert.

There are some products that may interact with this supplement include: acarbose, antibiotics, miglitol.



If someone has been overdosed with Probiotic Multi Enzyme, and has some serious symptoms like passing out or trouble breathing, simply call 911.

You may also call poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.


Please always refer to the storage information given on the back of your product. If you still have a query related to the product, simply call your doctor or seek a medical help.

Please don’t flush your medications or pour them in a drain unless you are instructed to do so. Instead, discard them properly as instructed.


Also Read: White Spots On Tonsils: What Causes White Spots In Your Throat?


White Spots On Tonsils: What Causes White Spots In Your Throat?

white spots on tonsils
Image credit: verywell health

White Spots On Tonsils: These are sometimes refer to Tonsil stones or tonsiliths. They are nothing but some calcium deposits known to form small cracks.

The reason why they form is because of piling up of mucus, bacteria and food particles. They may appear white or sometimes yellow in color and look like white spots on tonsils.

If you like to know about the probable causes of having white spots in your throat, there are a plethora of different reasons that can cause them. Some of them fade away within a few weeks while others remain there for a while.

If these spots don’t get fade away even after weeks, you may consult your doctor about remedies. Once you get the required medical help, your physician will prescribe some medicines to get rid of them.


Strep Throat

White Spots On Tonsils is a condition caused by bacterial infection. Once you develop such a condition, you often think of having a sore throat or trouble in swallowing food.

It’s a general occurrence that above conditions often become the cause of white patches on your tonsils. And so, you might have to see some other symptoms like:

  • A rash (called scarlet fever)
  • Red spots on the roof of your mouth
  • Swollen and red tonsils
  • Swollen or sore neck glands
  • Headache
  • Fever

For example, if you are suffering from a strep throat, the chances are that you suddenly get the symptoms of sore throat without cough.

On the other hand children sometimes have to go through symptoms like vomit, feel nauseated, rash and stomachache.

Strep throat is basically caused by a group of bacteria known as streptococcus. In order to get rid of this, your doctor will take a throat swab and then undergo a quick test to accomplish if you actually have a strep throat.

After confirmation, your doctor will prescribe some antibiotics. In any case, you are required to complete the course of antibiotics for 10 days to completely get rid of bacteria in throat region.


Tonsillitis: A Form of White Spots On Tonsils

The main function of tonsils (present at the back of throat) is that they tend to filter out germs to keep you healthy at all times.

But sometimes, these germs remain stuck inside and cause infection.

And this may cause a yellow or white coating on your throat. In addition to this you may also develop some other problems like:

  • A stiff neck
  • Bad breath
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Fever
  • Changes in the sound of your voice
  • Sore lymph nodes on the side of your neck
  • A sore throat


Red Tonsils

Tonsillitis is generally caused by virus which has no permanent cure or treatment. If you are suffering from tonsillitis anyway, it may take 3-4 days. In such cases you are recommended to take rest and drink loads of fluids.

If your doctor comes to the conclusion that you have a bacterial infection, he may prescribe you some medicines to get rid of them.


Oral Thrush

Oral Thrush is a kind of yeast infection in your mouth. It generally happens in babies or older adults. If this happens, the white patches generally lead to the sides of your tongue and mouth. Some people call them look like cottage cheese.

If you try to get rid of them by scrapping them off, you are likely to find red spots with chances of bleeding underneath. Again, you may also feel like you have cotton in your mouth.

This will occasionally hurt your tongue or give burning sensation. And so, you won’t be able to swallow or speak easily. At the same time you will also have difficulty in tasting foods and drinks.

You need to consult your doctor if you are sure that your baby has oral thrush. In such cases, your doctor will prescribe you antifungal medicines to get rid of them.



Apart from white spots on tonsils, there is another condition mononucleosis that can make you feel really tired. It may bring some other symptoms like:

  • Head and muscle aches
  • Swollen and sore lymph nodes
  • A sore throat
  • Fever

The first two weeks really become troublesome. Since the condition is caused by a specific group of viruses called Epstein-Barr virus, there is no concrete treatment available.

In order to get relief, the best thing to do is to take proper rest and drink loads of fluid. For fever and aches, you may take naproxen or ibuprofen.


Also Read: Mupirocin Ointment Uses, Interactions, Side Effects & More



Study Shows Genetic Information Can Become A Crucial Factor In Determining the Risk of Inherited Diseases


Risk of Inherited Diseases: A study conducted at University of Helsinki demonstrates has revealed genetic information can play a crucial role in determining the probability of most common inherited diseases.

The above study can be used alongside the traditionally used family history assessment methods.

You might be aware that physicians worldwide make use of family history in assessing the risks of developing some common diseases like diabetes, cancers and coronary heart diseases.

In addition to the above, physicians have developed the polygamy risk scores that are based on the basis of genome wide DNA testing.

The above tests can be used to determine genetic susceptibility among patients. And so, Polygenic risk scores are known to measure a person’s individual’s own genetic risk factors.

Clinicians have asked what polygenic risk assessment adds to the seemingly simple question about family history. Our new results show that the two measures complement each other. Moreover, combining them provides the most accurate information for evaluation of inherited disease risk.”

Nina Mars, Study’s First Author, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), University of Helsinki

In the recent study conducted by the University of Helsinki, researchers have compared both these studies and successfully analyzed over 20 most common diseases.

The study mainly focused on some diseases like coronary heart diseases, musculoskeletal disorders, and common cancers.

Now, the result shows that both polygamic risk scores and family history can be beneficial in provding complementary information in the assessment of the inherited diseases risk.

You might be looking forward to know how the study was conducted. Well, it was conducted based on the data supplied by the FinnGen research project which involved as many as 300,000 Finnish biobank participants.

The data analyzed clearly showed that the disease risk was higher if the person had more than average polygamy risk and family history.

At the same time, the results also revealed that a lower polygenic risk can compensate for the high risk effect of family history.

It clearly signifies that people with low polygamy score was not elevated even if they had a strong foamily history of the disease.

Also Read: How Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Linked to Genetic Mutations


Genetic Information More Personalized Than Family History

Polygamy risk simply analyzes a person’s own genetic risk of developing a disease far more accurately as compared to the family history of the person. Still, it can’t be called as a substitute for the family history.

Please note that Polygenic risk measurements are not currently being used in clinical assessments to check the disease risk.



Journal reference:

Mars, N., et al. (2022) Systematic comparison of family history and polygenic risk across 24 common diseases. The American Journal of Human Genetics.


Also Read: Genetic Engineering Helps Treat HIV With A Single Injection


Diabetes Prevention: Beware of these Early Warning Signals of Type-2 Diabetes

Diabetes prevention

Diabetes is a serious lifestyle related disorder that becomes chronic if not taken seriously. It’s directly linked to your blood sugar levels.. This post gives you information about some of the early warning signals that can play a crucial role in the diabetes prevention.

Diabetes is directly linked to your blood sugar levels and if not controlled earlier, it may take the shape of Type 2 diabetes which is a further step towards deteriorating your body health. So, never ignore these warning signals that can protect you within time.


Diabetes Prevention By Controlling High Blood Sugar Levels

As we stated above, diabetes is a serious lifestyle related disorder that comes in your life when you neglect a proper and healthy lifestyle.

Today, it has become one of the major diseases affecting over 462 million people globally, with India being the capital of diabetes.

Although, it’s a non-communicable disease, it can be prevented if you keep a track on your blood sugar levels periodically. In the course of diabetes prevention, you need to take several steps.

In the pandemic, where people started diagnosing with ‘new diabetes’ that mainly happened due to their prolonged sedentary lifestyle along with poor eating habits.

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Prevent Diabetes By Detecting Early Signs of Type-2 Diabetes

Detecting early signs of the disease is a part of diabetes prevention. Diabetes is linked with disrupted sugar levels and insulin resistance. The insulin imbalance first starts from pancreas and then moves towards different parts of the body.

Some people think that diabetes is caused due to the over consumption of sugar. But this is a misconception as it is a condition caused due to hormonal imbalance.

There are a few early warning signals that you should never ignore. These warning signals are meant to aware you about the changes your body is having. Be alert if your blood sugar level goes for a toss.

Skin Changes

diabetes skin color

A person diagnosed with diabetes will associate with slower healing of wounds. It will also accompany with frequent bruises and cuts. It may further impact the color and the overall texture of skin as well. In some case, patient is found to have skin lesions, also known as diabetic lesions.

One of the common warning signals is the presence of having dry and itchy patches of skin that most people generally ignore. It may lead to ‘acanthosis nigricans’ which generally sets when you have disrupted thyroid levels.

This will also make some dark folds around your neck, groin or armpits region. Please also note that the excess insulin levels in your body is prone to make your skin thicker than usual.

Vision Related Issues

Diabetics need to be aware that the disease is largely associated to cause vision related issues that may often leads to blindness. And so, vision related issues due to diabetes need to be taken care of at an early stage.

Those who are suffering from type 2 diabetes most commonly have symptoms like blurriness and hazy vision. It happens in cases of prolonged and untreated type 2 diabetes. It happens mainly because of higher blood sugar levels than usual.

Once it happens, it starts damaging some crucial blood vessels located around eyes. If a person is associated with extremely high blood sugar levels, it can also cause temporary loss of vision changes in vision.

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Frequent Gum Bleeding & Dry Mouth

Please note that your oral health and hygiene is directly linked to your blood sugar levels. Experts also debate on people having concerns of ‘dry mouth’ and too much complains of feeling thirsty which can be a common sign of rising blood sugar levels.

Dry Mouth is also referred to as xerostomia, and accompanies diabetes in medical terms.

While there is no exact cause known to have direct link with high blood sugar levels, but if you have symptoms like dryness in the mouth, frequent sores or cuts in the tongue, difficulty chewing food and dry lips, then you should once see your doctor and check your blood sugar level by going for the blood sugar test.

Numbness, Tingling In Fingers & Feet

Type-2 diabetes is also linked with some other symptoms like numbness or tingling in feet and fingers.

Please note that disrupted blood sugar levels can impact nervous sensations that often lead to tremors, numbness in the fingers and extremities.

If above symptoms are ignored for a long periods of time, then they may take bad shape which is also known as diabetic neuropathy. If someone is having a history of type 2 diabetes, these symptoms may appear in their lives at a later stage.

In case, such symptoms do appear at any stage, they should not be ignored at all and can be assumed as warning signals of type 2 diabetes.

Visiting the Washroom Often

If you are going through frequent urination problems, then these can also be the early signs of raising your blood sugar level. Once a person has high blood sugar levels, it starts affecting kidneys that find it hard to properly regulate such a high level of blood sugar level.

And when this happens, excess glucose (not required by the body) starts passing out in the form of urine.


Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of type 2 diabetes which gets inside the body at the time of feeling tired or exhausted.

If you are feeling drained out too often, then it can also be a sign of high blood sugar levels. In general, it is associated with a syndrome known as diabetes fatigue syndrome’.

While there is no scientific evidence to prove why it happens, it’s believed that erratic or fluctuating blood sugar levels is one of the reasons that can make you feel tired.

Some common reasons that may trigger this include a poor diet along with bad sleep and hormonal imbalance. All these factors contribute the above problem.


There are some issues that are also found to have associated with high blood sugar levels. These can be the occasional mood swings, at times worsening mental health or stress.

The symptom of irritability can be an early sign to detect diabetes. It can also help diabetes prevention taken along with other factors.

At the same time, even a slight blood sugar level change may lead this to happen. And this may leave you anxious, irritated. Sometimes, this may make you angry due to extreme hunger pangs.

In short, high or low blood sugar levels are often associated with mood swings, worry and anxiety.

Please note that irritability can’t be always associated with diabetes. And so, mood changes are not the dole reason of having diabetes.

There are some other symptoms that are known to appear along with mood swings to confirm that you have fluctuations in your blood sugar levels.

Unexpected & Unusual Weight Loss

The body of a person suffering from high blood sugar levels generally makes it insulin resistant. At the same time, the person also has to face weight management issues.

If you face an unexpected weight loss along with having a history of high blood sugar levels, it can also be a sign to detect early diabetes. And so, it can help in diabetes prevention.

Weight loss is a common factor for those suffering from diabetes. It comes to people as a surprise and happens even when they are not making any efforts to reduce weight.

At the time of high blood sugar levels, the body is not able to make use of extra glucose and it reaches to kidneys where it gets excreted in the form of urine.

This is how you tend to lose your weight in the form of glucose moving out of your body. And this can be a great way of diabetes prevention.

As per some studies in this regard, it has been found that people who have the issue of sudden and unexpected weight loss are more likely to experience some complications like nephropathy and retinopathy as compared to others.

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