Looking at the drastic effects of COVID-19, a review was conducted by researchers. It was found that pediatric and perinatal transmission surfaced in the first year of pandemic.
It was in the year 2020 when COVID-19 devastated hundreds of lives globally. As per the data, around 26 million cases were reported in the first 18 months of the pandemic. Out of those affected, 11% were children who aged below 20 years.
Looking at the dangers of the pandemic in the year 2021, UNICEF came into the picture and decided to undergo a review on the disastrous effects of SARS-CoV-2 on children, newborn, infants and pregnant women.
The above review mainly focused on the risk of transmission direct5ly from pregnant women to newborns. It also included within adolescent and pediatric populations.
Although, the study conducted by UNICEF found the rate of transmission from pregnant women to their newborn babies were very low, there appeared an enhanced risk of stillbirth and preterm birth among women who were declared infected during their pregnancy.
COVID-19 Risk Among Pregnant Women & Children
The research further revealed that children were prone to transmit infection among each other. But the rate of infection was somewhat higher than among adolescents and adults.
Also, there was reported a minimal evidence of transmission of COVID-19 at daycare centers and schools that had earlier implemented some risk reduction measures.
In addition to thee above, there was some other data gap within the first 18 months of the COVID-19 pandemic. it was mainly on the basis of through research between different populations, surveillance studies, and pediatric populations.
But the data lacked in only one approach which was due to the lesser reporting on insufficient disaggregation and standardized age categories. And this made it tough to understand the impact of SARS-CoV-2 infection on adolescents, children, and children.
As the data gap looks quite evident, there is therefore a need for developed countries to make investments in country health investment systems to basically cover the entire population group.