Vector-Borne Diseases: For the last three weeks in Karnataka, rain is playing a horrific time as it takes up several water borne diseases including dengue. This year, Karnataka has accounted a number of active dengue cases so far.
It’s the story that gets repeated every year. With the onset of rains in the city, it not only relaxes citizens but also creates a cause of worry too. This year the situation looks quite similar to the previous years right after monsoon is going to start.
Even before the start of the monsoon, the situation in the city looks alarming with more number of dengue and other water borne diseases are slowly going to wreck the entire city. The reason why we are concerned is because of dengue which is there in the city for the last 3 weeks.
With that, Karnataka (India) has become the second highest number of dengue cases reported so far. As of now, most of the dengue cases are being reported from Bengaluru.
One of the main reasons of developing water borne diseases like dengue is the water lodging which normally occurs in shallow pits, tyres, unattended containers, and other similar sites that give rise to breeding of mosquitoes.
The mosquito responsible to cause dengue is called Aedes Aegypti which is known to feed a number of times during the day. It bites early morning and makes a number of individuals infected after it bites them.
Acting On symptoms
Some of the most common symptoms of dengue fever include high fever which is often accompanied with some other symptoms like skin rashes, vomiting, nausea, joint/muscle pain and severe headache. Dengue can become fatal with the advancement of symptoms.
Most of the times, dengue is mild. But people falling in high risk factors like advanced age, pregnancy issues and other who have a history of dengue illness in the past need to be observed closely. In such cases, a healthcare professional is required earliest.
When dengue occurs, it first gives warning signals in all infected patients. These warning signals can be in the form of skin rash, severe vomiting, abdominal pain along with any form of bleeding episodes. In such cases, the patient needs to be rushed to a nearby hospital.
In order to treat water-borne diseases like dengue, medications are available that are meant for fever and body ache. The above treatment is available in case of mild illness.
How to Control the Spread of Water Borne Diseases?
Even before the treatment of dengue comes into picture, prevention comes first. Since dengue is a water borne disease, a number of preventive measures can be applied to prevent mosquitoes from breeding near a resident area.
The above can be achieved only by undergoing certain measures like proper disposal of wastes, clearing of water lodging at places. Such places need to be first analyzed where water lodging has been there. And then proper maintainace of such places need to be done.
The similar treatment of water lodging needs to be applied at homes. There are several areas at homes where mosquito breeding sites can be seen.
In order to do that, you need to ensure empty of water from small or large water bodies like coolers, small containers, pits, plant pots, and more at least once a week.
There are several water-borne diseases that create problems at this time of year. In order to combat such issues there needs to be taken certain measures at the ground level. One such measure is the awareness among people at the community level.
In doing so, public authorities need to take action of supervising flat roofs clogged gutters, that generally have poor drainage system.
One such preventive measure is by introducing fish like Gambusia or Guppy that mainly feed on mosquito. Such fishes can be dropped into ponds and other small water bodies to stop the breeding of mosquito.