Skin Lesions Types, Symptoms, Complications & Treatment

skin lesions

Are you tensed about the skin lesions types that you may have? Do you want to get rid of them in anyway?

Well, let’s first try to know what skin lesions types are and how they affect your body.

In the later section, we will understand about their complications and various treatment options.

Skin Lesions Types

Whenever you find the normal shape or texture of your skin getting changed due to any reason, they are categorized as skin lesions.

Please know that a skin lesion may take place at any part of your body as they are not specific to any particular body region.

In short, they can occur anywhere on your body at any time.

To be precise, skin lesions can be both singular and multiple in nature and are basically confined to one specific region of your body.

They can also be found widely distributed on your body.

You might be thinking the after effects of having skin lesions. Well, if you are dealing with the problem of skin lesions, you need to take proper medication.

But before that, let’s see what happens when they first appear on your skin.

How to Properly Analyze Skin Lesions?

Whenever you come across any sort of changes in the normal character of your skin, especially the way your skin looks and behaves, there is a possibility of underlying changes on your skin leading into skin lesions..

More specifically, they include rash, blisters, swelling, discolorations, hardening of skin, or any other specific changes that look quite unnatural.

Please note that skin lesions can occur due to a plethora of reasons.

They can even go unnoticed and harmless at times; without giving you any sort of discomfort. At the same time, they can be serious just like skin cancer.

But if you find the root cause of having them, there will be easy to treat.

One of the most common causes why skin lesions appear is due to an injury as this can be a scrape, bruise or cut and may lead to a lesion on the skin.

Lesions on the skin are of common occurrence in teenagers who have to bear them mainly due to acne.

At the same time, ageing also has the capacity to bring moles, discoloration and freckles on the skin.

Similarly, there exist a number of diseases that bring loads of allergic reactions and rashes that are mostly seen to have accompanied with acute rashes with pain and itchy hives.

Skin changes have also been noticed due to some chronic conditions like autoimmune disorders or diabetes.

In the same ways, you might have observed skin lesions being caused by some local infections of hair follicles or skin. All the above conditions are enough to analyse their nature.

In any case, you do not have to feel lethargic about your skin lesions.

It’s because they can be caused due to some precancerous changes already developing under your skin.

The most common cause for this is the over exposure of your skin under the sunlight.

And this generally takes place when your hands, arms or faces are exposed under the sunlight.

But the basic fact that you need to keep remember in regards to the skin lesions is that they can be caused due to any reason.

In any case, you need to take care the health of your skin even if there is a small rash that doesn’t fade away easily.

It’s because skin lesions can also be formed due to a precancerous activity (as stated earlier).

The point that we want to convey here is that you need to consult your dermatologist once you find any such unwanted development on your skin.

Most of the times, it has been observed that skin lesions are mild and harmless.

But in some specific cases, they appear due to a serious malfunction.

In such cases, you need to simply call your physician and call 911.

Like, if you are feeling your throat swelling or having an experience of fainting or losing consciousness, having a history of allergic reactions, especially after taking a new medication with a fever, you need to consult a physician.

Similarly, it is advisable to seek medical help even in those cases where you find any kind of mole or dark skin lesion with any sort of changes.

This may also sometimes cause mental trauma or a kind of depression that needs immediate medical care.

You need to consult a doctor even if you have to bear a skin lesion that looks quite persistent or manages to take your attention.

What are the Symptoms of Skin Lesions?

Apart from the most general symptoms that we stated above, there are some other symptoms that can also become the most viable reasons for having them.

Ideally, the occurrence of skin lesions vary as per the underlying disease or disorder or any other type of conditions related.

Other than that, there can be some other type of symptoms that may frequently affect the skin and may therefore involve some other body systems.

Take a look at some of the most common symptoms that become the most viable reasons for all those unwanted skin lesions. 

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fever and chills
  • Headache
  • Itchy feeling
  • Joint pain or stiffness
  • Nausea with or without vomiting
  • Redness, warmth or swelling
  • Sores that contain pus
  • Sweating

 Serious symptoms that may arise due to Skin Lesions

In some cases, skin lesions may be a symptom of a life-threatening ailment that should be evaluated immediately in an emergency setting.

Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have any of these life-threatening symptoms. 

There are some specific cases where skin lesions can become a problem and pose a life threatening situation as well.

And if that happens, then this should be dealt with an emergent basis.

In all such cases, you need to seek immediate attention of your doctor (call 911).

Please take a look at some of the below mentioned life threatening symptoms: 

  • Occasional high fever (higher than 101 degree Fahrenheit)
  • Frequent changes in alertness, consciousness or confusion
  • Rashes or scars developing immediately after taking a medication
  • Rashes appearing along with fever
  • Breathing or respiratory issues like choking, wheezing, difficulty to breath, labored breathing and other similar conditions
  • Sudden and frequent swelling of lips, face or tongue

What are the Most Common Causes of Skin Lesions?

Well, there is not any specific cause observed in relation to the development of skin lesions.

But still, we can figure out the most common causes of skin lesions that may include injury, allergies, infections on to the skin, ageing or infections on hair follicles.

Other than that there are some chronic conditions that may also become the reason for the development of skin lesions like autoimmune disorders or diabetes.

In addition to this, it may also arise due to the underlying precancerous changes or skin cancer.

Please take a look at some of the reasons that cause the changes in the appearance of skin:

  • Acne
  • Boils and carbuncles
  • Folliculitis
  • Freckles
  • Nevi (moles) and other benign skin growths
  • Skin tags


Skin lesions types caused due to an injury

It may happen that an injury becomes a reason for the development of skin lesions. Please find below some of the causes that are prevalent at such time:

  • Excessive exposure to sun or wind
  • Bruises
  • Keloid (exuberant scar formation)
  • Extreme cold
  • Ketoid (exuberant scar formation)
  • Insect bites or stings
  • Extreme cold conditions

Skin lesions caused due to age related factors

  • Easy bruising
  • Age spots (Also known as liver spots that may go along with age)
  • Xerosis (dry skin)
  • Fragile skin

Skin lesions caused due to illness

Prime reasons include systemic illness like diabetes that may lead to change in your skin color

Bacterial infection like scarlet fever or meningitis caused by a group of bacteria

Some viral infections like Varicella-zoster that may also cause skin lesions.

Skin lesions caused due to Allergy

  • Allergy due to some foods
  • Allergy due to medications
  • Contact dermatitis like reaction to nickel or any sort of jewellery

Skin Lesions due to serious & life threatening complications

  • There are cases when skin lesions take the shape into some life threatening or serious complications that need to be taken care of in an emergent manner.
  • Serous allergy may develop into a rash or hives and can be associated with swelling of throat or mouth. It may also cause anaphylaxis as well.
  • Skin lesions may also become a cause of some precancerous ailments as well
  • Infections that are spread throughout the body is marked with redness in the skin 

Questions for diagnosing the cause of skin lesions

In order to get fair line of treatment for all those unwanted skin lesions, your doctor may ask several questions related to your condition that can be given as:

When did you first notice skin lesions on your body?

Do you have any other skin lesions?

Does the lesion itch or burn?

Do you have any other symptoms?

Does anything relieve or worsen the symptoms?

Has the lesion changed in size, shape or color?

What can be the complications of skin lesion?

There are so many reasons attached to cause various complications due to skin lesions.

For example, one of the reasons happen to be the direct complication arising that may include permanent changes in the skin and may include in the form of a scar or rash.

Certain complications arising from skin lesions can be life threatening like melanoma or rashes arising due to a serious infection can both be life threatening as well.

In all such cases where skin lesions are appearing due to serious conditions, they can pose a risk to life if not treated in time.

So, it is very important to undergo the proper diagnosis and then the treatment.

Now, there can be so many ways to treat different kinds of skin lesions appearing anywhere over the skin along with various treatment options including:

  • Progression of symptoms
  • Adverse effects of treatment
  • Cosmetic disfigurement
  • Scarring
  • Organ failure or dysfunction
  • Spread of infection
  • Altered pigmentation
  • Organ failure or dysfunction



Also Read: Primary Skin Lesions: How to Get Rid of Them?