Primary Skin Lesions: Before discussing Primary Skin Lesions, let’s first make you aware about skin lesions in the general sense.
Please know that skin lesions can be of different types and can also be in the form of an underlying disease of any form. There are a total of as many 11 types of primary skin lesions.
Be it any kind of skin related ailment, you need to remain cautious at all times and get the proper medical care without thinking twice.
What’s a Skin Lesion?
A skin lesion basically confines to a variety of issues and mainly refers to a certain kind of abnormality on the skin.
As per the latest medical research in this regard, skin lesions are given different names as per the type of abnormality on the skin.
To be precise, they are actually the growth or a kind of patch on the skin that looks entirely different as compared to the rest of the skin.
In other words, skin lesions may be referred to a confined region of skin that grows into some kind of abnormality and finally takes different types of shapes and textures of underlying skin.
In order to be more specific, skin lesions can develop in the form of a mole, rash, blister, cyst, discoloration, wart or any other kind of physical discoloration or change that can be observed on the skin.
In addition to all that we covered above, skin lesions can also be formed due to a simple cut or scrape. On the other hand, they can be as severe and may develop in the form of a precancerous mark or mole.
Please find below a few general categories of skin lesions where you can identify the right category as per your observation.
How Many types of Skin Lesions Do Exist?
In a nutshell, there are as many as two types of skin lesions named primary and secondary. You might be wondering the difference between the two.
- Primary Skin Lesions
- Secondary Skin Lesions
Primary skin lesions are those that are marked by the changes either in their texture or colour that a person may acquire over time. They can also be marked at the time of birth.
Primary skin lesions basically include an age spot or a birthmark (at the time of birth).
On the reverse side of this, secondary skin lesions happen to be the progression of primary skin lesions.
Most of the times, they happen to be the changes to the original one resulting from the natural evolution.
Primary skin lesions
A Macule is one of the most common type of primary skin lesions that are characterised by the discoloration of the skin which is smaller than 1 centimetre in diameter.
Please note that Macules can be noticed visually by the naked eyes that do not cause a change in their thickness or texture.
A papule is quite similar to macule which is characterised by a raised area containing no visible fluid. It’s generally of 1 centimetre in diameter.
Most of the times, papules have distinct borders and can be seen in a variety of shapes.
A Nodule happens to be just another form of skin lesions which is basically an elevated bump on the skin.
In general, a nodule is somewhat bigger as compared to a papule.
In most cases, it has been observed that a nodule is larger as much as one centimetre in diameter.
In addition to this, a nodule is quite prevalent in all the skin layers including dermis, epidermis along with the subcutaneous layer of the skin.
You might be well aware of this term which simply means a solid mass that specifically lies under the skin or within the subcutaneous layer of the skin. In most cases, they appear more than 2 cm in diameter.
Again, plaque is one of the Primary Skin Lesions that are somewhat different than all of the above. And this is why; they have been given this name.
To be precise, a plaque happens to be a raised and flap shaped primary skin lesion that are larger than one centimetre in diameter.
Most of the times, you find plaques to be red, itchy and scaly. You mostly find them on knees, elbows and scalp.
Most often, a vesicle happens to be a raised bump like structure of 1 cm in diameter. They are basically filled with clear fluid or air.
Bullae are fluid-filled sacs that form when fluid is trapped under a thin layer of skin.
They are similar to blisters and vesicles except that bullae have a diameter larger than 1 centimetre.
They are basically originate when fluid is collected and trapped under skin and finally give rise to the structures known as Bullae.
In their shape and size, they appear quite similar to vesicles and blisters but still are way different than all others given in this list.
Pustule is somewhat a broad term that happens to be a small bump like structure on the skin. Most of the times, they contain pus inside them.
In some cases, it has been found that pustules are infected due to the pus they contain.
Primary Skin Lesions Treatment
In order to treat any kind of skin lesion, the basic thing required is to check is the type of skin lesion which can be either primary or secondary skin lesions. The treatment goes after identifying the skin lesion type.
After analysing all this along with the patient’s overall health, the treatment actually starts.
It generally includes medications like antibiotics, corticosteroids, anti-fungal aids or any other such medication applied topically.
In those cases, when it is suspected that the lesion can be carcinogenic, a biopsy is recommended where a small section of the lesion is taken and gets examined under a microscope.
Patients are advised to consult their physicians about the findings of the biopsy done.
By consulting their doctors, they can know the cause of such a development. In case, they get the occurrence of symptoms, they should again not hesitate to consult them.