Does Urine Hold DNA? How to Extract DNA from Urine?

Does urine hold DNA

Does Urine Hold DNA: When it comes to extracting DNA from usual sources like blood or saliva, there is a common question asked that says does urine hold DNA? Well, before we throw some light on the subject, let’s first gather information about DNA.

DNA is better known as Deoxyribonucleic acid. And this is what makes your biological self. DNA plays a crucial role in extracting information like your age, growth and health.

With the advancement in technology, people use various kits at home to detect their DNA from their saliva, many people wonder if the same results can be achieved using home urine testing kits.

Please know that as compared to your blood and saliva, urine holds only a small amount of DNA. In addition to this, DNA deteriorates quickly in urine and therefore makes it very difficult to produce and extract some reliable test results.

Does urine hold DNA? The answer to this question is explained below along with some other vital information.

We advise you to keep reading so that you learn more about the presence of DNA in urine. You will also read how a urine sample can become a tool to detect your overall health condition along with detecting various diseases.


Does Urine Hold DNA?

DNA basically made up of phosphate groups, nitrogen bases and nucleotides, including 2-deoxyribose.

The markers used in each strand of DNA are accomplished using blood with the help of epithelial cells and blood cells. These cells are found on the surface layer of your skin. In general, DNA can be found at various places like hair follicles, saliva, blood and decomposing bones.

The question does urine hold DNA can be answered easily after you get to know the presence of epithelial cells in it. It’s because DNA in urine is related to the presence of epithelial cells.

Out of the two sexes, it is better to detect DNA from the urine of females as they have higher number of epithelial cells that tend to enter in urine from their vaginal walls.


DNA Extraction from A Urine Test

Unlike other sources to extract DNA like blood and saliva, it is quite difficult to extract it from urine. It’s mainly because of the low epithelial cells and white blood cell counts as they can directly affect the presence of DNA.

And this makes more challenging for biomarkers to extract it from urine before it starts losing its integrity.

As per some researchers, DNA extraction from urine can be done but it holds a number of limitations like:

  • First or second urine has the highest probability to hold DNA. If it does so, the sample can be preserved up to a temperature of -112°F (-80°C). In order to further preserve it, sodium additives are generally used.
  • In most cases, the percentage of DNA extracted from urine was found to be based on gender. Researchers revealed while males had the maximum DNA in their first morning urine, women produced good quantities of DNA from afternoon urine.

The question Does urine hold DNA can be evaluated by looking at the perspective of researchers who find it difficult.

On the other hand DNA from blood (and other sources) can be extracted in greater and safer amounts without the risk of biomarker degradation.


DNA from Urine & Early Detection of Diseases

By undergoing urine tests, DNA can be extracted in the form of fragments. If you have a query saying does urine hold DNA, then it all depends on various factors.

A urine sample can also be used to detect a number of health conditions like:

  • Ulcers
  • Tuberculosis (TB)
  • Malaria
  • Organ rejection
  • Liver disease
  • Kidney disorder
  • HIV
  • Cancer
  • Birth defects in fetuses



Does urine hold DNA? The answer to this question is yes. But when it comes to extracting it from a urine sample, the procedure is not easy as it comes with so many challenges.

This is the reason why biomarkers prefer using other sources to extract it like blood, saliva, hair follicles and degenerating bones.

In spite of the above facts, there is no reason why urine samples need to be disregarded at all. It’s because such samples can be helpful to give clues to your overall health and other medical conditions.

While research is going on, the future may see some more urine-based DNA tests available.

In most cases, a doctor prefers to test a sample of your blood and urine for any potential health concerns. 


Also Read: Honey Impact: Are There Any Health Benefits of Organic Honey?


Pregnenolone Benefits, Dosage & Side Effects | Pregnenolone for Men

Pregnenolone benefits

Pregnenolone Benefits– In this section, we are going to brush up your knowledge with Pregnenolone benefits. But before that you need to know what Pregnenolone is. Please take a look at the later section to know the details about this chemical.


What is Pregnenolone?

Before we update you with Pregnenolone benefits, let’s take a look about how this chemical can help you find solution for a number of medical disorders.

As we already covered the topic earlier in our earlier section, we would again like to update you with that. Pregnenolone is basically a chemical secreted naturally by the adrenal glands.

The chemical has been found to have a great therapeutic value, especially in preventing a few negative symptoms of psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia.


Pregnenolone Benefits

Pregnenolone has so many benefits as it is a chemical found naturally in your body. It can also be synthesized artificially as well. Due to its benefits, a large chunk of population also uses it as a medicine.

Some of the ways the chemical is used can be to treat fatigue and anxiety. In the same ways, it is also used for enhancing energy, stress and improving the overall memory. The chemical has also been found effective in Alzheimer’s disease and some other psychiatric conditions as well.

Pregnenolone benefits are not just limited to the above. In fact, the chemical is found effective in many other cases including a number of skin related disorders like scleroderma and psoriasis.

The use of this chemical is also found among women as they largely use it to treat breast lumps, endometriosis (thickening of uterus lining), PMS related conditions and more.

There are people who use Pregnenolone for anti ageing, depression and arthritis. It’s also used in various allergic reactions along with treating seizures and prostrate related issues.

The above chemical has always been the center of attraction for many researchers and scientists for years as it is produced naturally in the body. The chemical is also used to synthesizer many other hormones naturally that eventually help treat many other medical conditions.


A Few Safety Concerns

Do you think that there is any safety concerns linked to the intake of Pregnenolone? Well, at the moment, there is nothing concrete to prove the above findings.

In certain cases, it has been revealed that the intake of this chemical by mouth is not at all safe as it sometimes causes a few discomforts like insomnia, anxiety, headache, over stimulation, irregular mood swings, hair fall, anger and irritability.


Pregnenolone Use during Pregnancy

The next thing that really matters is the use of Pregnenolone in pregnancy and breast feeding. Well, there is not enough evidence to prove anything negative or positive about this. Still, you need to be cautious and try to be safe by looking at all the side effects related to this chemical.

Now, if we have to discuss a few hormone sensitive conditions like uterine cancer, breast cancer, endometriosis, and ovarian cancer, there is a need to look into the course of action taken by the body. It’s due to the fact that Pregnenolone is ideally converted to estrogen by the body.

Now, if you are sensitive about any condition that can take a bad shape by the exposure to estrogen, then simply do not take any supplement using this chemical. It’s because it may further worsen your condition.


Pregnenolone Side Effects

Due to the number of Pregnenolone benefits, the naturally secreting hormone from the adrenal glands is being widely appreciated by the masses. There are a few medical disorders where the above chemical is widely being used to treat or lowering down the symptoms of a plenty of psychiatric disorders.

Do you think there can be side effects associated with the above chemical? Well, there are a few instances where the use of this chemical should be avoided. Other than that, it is advised to take the dosage of this chemical only under the strict medical guidance.

Now, talking about Pregnenolone side effects, it has been found to produce some steroid related side effects that may include acne, headache, over stimulation, insomnia, irritability and more.

Pregnenolone for Men

Due to some great Pregnenolone benefits, most people like to use it for various reasons. In general, the chemical is used as a medicine to lower down the symptoms of a plethora of medical conditions like to treat fatigue and enhancing energy levels in the body.

In addition to this, it may also be used in the cases of trauma and injuries along with improving overall immunity of the body. The use of this chemical can also be found in treating some skin related disorders like scleroderma and psoriasis.



Read More- How to Increase Pregnenolone Naturally | Pregnenolone Benefits and Dosage

How A Wolf Spider Bite Impacts Your Health

wolf spider bite

Before we delve into the wolf spider bite, the first thing that you need to know is to get an introduction about wolf spiders.

As the name suggests, a wolf spider is one of the most common spider species of the world. These are generally dark brown having pale stripes or markings on their back.

As far as their color goes, it depends on where they live as it mainly serves as a type of camouflage for their production.


All About Wolf Spiders

Just like traditional spiders, wolf spiders also have a long torso with 8 legs. During their lifetime, they grow up to one quarter to 2 inches. These are found mostly across the U.S. and around the world.

One can easily differentiate between a wolf spider and a normal spider by looking at their body structure. It’s because a wolf spider has unusually 3 rows of 8 eyes each.

In addition to the above, they also have 2 eyes situated in the middle. While moving in the dark, if you suspect there can be wolf spiders, then always try to use a torch.

It’s because a wolf spider bite can harm you in one way or the other which can prove dangerous.

Please also note that wolf spiders look unique to other species as they never spin their webs to catch prey. Instead, they catch them by chasing.

Due to their large size, they often look alarming to people. But in reality, they are nothing more than a nuisance.


Habitat of a Wolf Spider

In general, wolf spiders live on the ground and hides in places like

  • Inside logs
  • Under rocks‌
  • Under plants and leaves
  • Grass
  • Basements
  • Windows‌ and doorways
  • Sheds
  • Garages

All the above places give them ample of space and access to find their prey.


Impact of a Wolf Spider Bite On Your Health

A wolf spider bite doesn’t generally pose a threat to your health. Once you go through a wolf spider bite, it may give you a feeling of allergic due to the presence of its venom.

But in reality, they are not poisonous. As they appear to be large, their bite may be quite painful.

In case, you become a victim of a wolf spider bite, you might have a feeling of itchiness, swelling, or mild pain. However, the pain should go away within a few minutes.

After the pain, you can expect the swelling to go down slowly. Similarly, the itching may last only a few days after your skin heals.

There are some signs of a wolf spider bite that you should never ignore. Always see a doctor once you get the following signs:

  • Weakness or uncontrollable shaking
  • Fever
  • Trouble breathing
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sweating whether you feel hot or cold
  • A rash spreading outward from the bite
  • Headache or feeling dizzy
  • Cramping or having tight muscles around the bite

In case, you find your symptoms are not improving with time, you are advised to get an immediate medical help. Your doctor may:

  • Give you some stronger medications like antihistamines mainly to relieve itching
  • Antibiotics in case of any underlying infection
  • Surgery which is recommended only in a rare case
  • Booster to a tetanus vaccination for an added protection


Benefits of Wolf Spiders

There are some people who don’t take a wolf spider bite seriously and even consider them beneficial species as they eat other insects and bugs that we consider them as pests. Some of them include:

  • Beetles
  • Mealworms‌
  • Cockroaches
  • Crickets


Risks of Wolf Spiders

In spite of the fact that a wolf spider bite can be painful, they are not poisonous at all.

Even if you have to go through a bite, you can mostly have an allergic reaction due to its venom.

If you have actually bitten by a spider, simply wait and watch for the signs for a severe reaction or infection.

Wolf spiders are not aggressive by nature. They will bite only if they are threatened.

In case, you suspect a wolf spider bite, you can immediately come into action.

All you need to do is wash the wound area and use a cold compress to reduce swelling and inflammation.

In addition to the above, you can also take a pain medication or an anti-inflammatory.

When you are bitten by a wolf spider, you generally have 2 marks because of the spider’s fangs.

They can be red and painful with a swelling. If the condition worsens, call your doctor immediately.


How to Prevent Wolf Spider Bite?

If you are a victim of a wolf spider bite, then try the following to prevent it:

  • Hire a pest control service
  • Clear clutter giving places for wolf spiders to hide
  • Shake out items like boxes before picking them up
  • Make noise to move them out


Also Read: Why Vitamin D Essential In Preventing Osteoporosis?



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Precordial Catch Syndrome Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Precordial Catch Syndrome

This article emphasizes about the cause, symptoms and treatment of Precordial Catch Syndrome.


What is Precordial Catch Syndrome?

It’s basically a chest pain which mainly occurs when nerves found in front of the chest are aggravated or squeezed.

The above condition is not a medical emergency and in no way causes any harm to the body. It mostly affects adolescents and children.


Symptoms of Precordial Catch Syndrome?

Please note that the pain acquired by people in cases of precordial catch syndrome lasts only for a few minutes. It has been observed that this pain often comes suddenly when your child is taking rest.

The discomfort due to this sudden pain is described as a stubbing and sharp pain which looks to be localized at a specific part of the chest.

In most cases, the pain occurs below the left nipple. In some cases, the pain may get worse if the child is taking deep breaths.


What causes precordial catch syndrome?

Well, the exact cause that triggers pain is not known. But it’s not usually caused due to a heart or lung problem.

Some experts of this field suggest the pain arises mainly because od the irritation of nerves in the lining of the lung (pleura). At times, doctors also blame ribs or cartilage to produce the sensation of pain.

Th reason why nerves get irritated can be due to poor posture or due to an injury. It may also happen due to a blow to the chest.


How is precordial catch syndrome diagnosed?

If you notice your child is experiencing an unexplained chest pain, you need to see a doctor even if there is not a known cause.

You need to call am expert if the pain is also accompanied by

  • Shortness of breath
  • Severe headache
  • Nausea
  • Lightheadedness

In case, your child’s pain is caused due to this syndrome, the doctor can easily rule out other issues. He will get a medical history of your child to grab the understanding of the symptoms. He may ask you questions like:

  • How often these symptoms occur
  • What, if any, other symptoms were felt
  • How the pain felt
  • How long the pain lasted
  • When symptoms began

The medical expert will have to check all the probable symptoms to rule out some known causes. In case, he thinks your child has some heart related issues, he may require additional testing.

In most cases, no further tests are required. In case, if it gets confirmed that your child is having pain due to it and still orders some additional testing, ask him the reason.

It’s because you may like to have second opinion mainly to avoid unnecessary testing.


Also Read: How Your Ankles Can Indicate A Heart Disease


Can precordial catch syndrome cause complications?

In most cases, it doesn’t cause any serious problems. But it can produce anxiety in parents.

So, if you experience chest pain most often, you need to discuss it with your doctor.


How to Treat?

If a person is found to have this condition, there are no specific treatments recommended. In most cases, your doctor may prescribe some pain relievers like ibuprofen (Motrin).

There are times when a slow and gentle breath can help relieve pain. There are instances where a deep breath or two help to get rid of the pain.

As poor posture generally triggers precordial catch syndrome, you can try sitting up taller to avoid it in the future.

In case, if you notice your child hunched over while sitting, you can ask them to sit and stand straighter with shoulders back.


Outlook for Precordial Catch Syndrome

Please note that precordial catch syndrome mainly affects teens and children. Young adults in their 20s are also found to be suffering from it.

In most cases, it goes by its own. As the pain often becomes uncomfortable, precordial catch syndrome is completely harmless and don’t need any specific treatment.


Also Read: Study Finds Testosterone Not Responsible for Heart Problems In Men