Allergy Therapy Safest When Started Early for Infants

oral immunotherapy

As per a study conducted on infants younger than 12 months old, it was found that oral immunotherapy was quite a safer way to get rid of them.

The above study was conducted by Dr. Edmond Chan, who’s a senior author at the BC Children’s Hospital Research Institute.

He said this treatment is not only safe but also quite affordable, especially if the treatment accomplishes before an infant attains 12 months.

The above study is published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology In Practice and patiently looked at the results among 69 infants among a larger study group of 452 children who aged five years.

 

What is Oral Immunotherapy?

Oral immunotherapy means when the patient is given a small quantity of allergenic food. The researchers gave peanut flour during their study and gradually increased the amount to a maximum level.

The aim of doing this was mainly to desensitize the child until they could have a full serving of peanut protein. But it was required that child must also continue to eat other peanut products for a long time.

During the course of study conducted by the researchers, children visited a pediatric allergist for nearly two weeks to receive their protein diet (peanut dose).

After the regular visits to a clinic or a nearby hospital, parents started giving daily dose. After a gap of 8 to 11 clinic visits, the infants built ‘”maintenance dose” of around 1.3 grams of peanuts.

It was revealed that as many as 42 infants managed to complete the build-up period along with one year of maintenance dose. Out of them no infant had to go through a severe reaction. Only a few had a mild reaction to a 4,000 gram of peanut protein.

This was as compared to 7.7% of children who aged between 1 to 5 and completed the given protocol.

Four infants experienced somewhat mild reaction. Even then, none of them required epinephrine injections.

This is what Dr. Chan had to say, “Despite infants showing the best safety, we were still delighted with the safety of this treatment for older preschoolers. The risk of a severe reaction is much lower than it is for school-age kids,” he said.

“Many of the interventions we use in medicine, such as medications or surgical procedures, carry a small amount of risk that is outweighed by the benefit. I’m comfortable with the risk if well-trained allergists and clinicians perform this treatment. It’s very safe.” he further stated.

The above treatment equally worked for the same aged groups of children. After they were given at least one peanut per day, they tend (80%) to develop a tolerance for 4,000 milligrams of peanut protein in a single shot.

The above research led by Dr Charles suggest that oral immunotherapy can be a quite effective alternative to avoiding abrupt allergens that even carry certain risks including anxiety, social isolation and poor quality of life.

He suggested children need to be given oral immunotherapy as soon as possible after a failed attempt of preventing food allergy.

The above study will definitely suggest some future clinical guidelines and also help healthcare providers with all the vital information they require for children.

 

Also Read: How Saline Nasal Spray Helps to Get Relief from Natural Allergy

 

 

Childhood Obesity In West Virginia Stands At Number 4 In the US

childhood obesity

Childhood Obesity: You might have observed children started using more smartphones, tablets and TV instead of playing outside.

And so, this has reduced their physical activity. Although, this change was already there, it contributed more after COVID-19 pandemic.

In terms of the total number of children suffering from obesity, West Virginia ranks at number 4 as compared to all other 50 states of the US. In terms of numbers, 21.9% of youth who age between 10-17 years is obese.

Amanda Wade, who’s a renowned Pediatric at Reynolds Memorial Hospital says roughly 20-30% of the pediatric population contribute to the problem of obesity.

She believes looking at these children, it looks hard if they will ever slim down.

Today, there are different US states where you find obese children or adults who don’t even know the harmful effects of getting obese. All they are engaged in is eating a lot of unhealthy diet and facing major health risks.

The research in this regard clearly suggests that children who are able to achieve a healthy weight tend to become fitter and healthier. And so, they are better able to learn and are more self-confident than others.

On the other hand, it’s seen overweight children growing up as overweight adults which generally invite some health risks associated with them including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and others.

Being a parent, it’s your duty to properly advise your children to take a healthy diet. Also, it’s equally important to listen to your child’s concerns regarding their weight problems.

It’s because overweight children are aware that they have a weight problem and they need your support to get rid of extra fat accumulated in their bodies.

They need your encouragement and love. And so, give them a feeling that you are equally concerned of their weight issues and try to sort it out together in a healthy manner.

There are some tips for children to ge rid of the problem f obesity:

  • Check the frequency and type of snack you are taking
  • Avoid sugary drinks too often
  • Increase the quantity of green leafy vegetables and decrease other ones
  • Engage them in any physical activity at least for an hour

Childhood Obesity: You Need Activeness

Most often, overweight children don’t require more exercises as compared to slimmer children. As they have extra body fat, they will tend to burn more calories for the same activity.

And so, all children require around physical activity for at least 60 minutes to maintain good health. But that doesn’t necesarily mean to be done all at once.

For younger ones, they can involve themselves in the form of active play that can be in the form of playing different games in the ground.

For older children, physical activity may involve cycling, climbing frames and see-saws.

Even if your child doesn’t show interest to go for any of the above, it’s your duty to encourage them to at least start with what they can do.

For best results, try to find out the the type and amount of physical activity recommended for children and young adults of age between 5-18.

 

Eating Healthy Meals

In terms of healthy meals, children or young adults need to go with more fruits and vegetables. Also try those foods having a great source of protein and fiber.

They should include fresh juices, smoothies, pulses and beans in their diet to get all the fiber and protein they require.

Please note that children should not exceed 150ml of smoothies, fruit juices and vegetable juice.

It’s because when a fruit gets blended or juiced, it releases sugars which somehow enhances the risk of tooth decay. Due to this, it’s best to enjoy smoothies or fruit juice at mealtimes.

At the same time, discourage your child to having high-fat foods like cakes, sweets, biscuits, along with other sugar-sweetened soft and fuzzy drinks. It’s because such foods are found high in calories but low in nutrients.

Try to make your child learn to extract more nutrients instead of going for calories. And so, they need more fibrous diet which include vegetables and fruits.

Less Screen Time & More Sleep

Try to help and support your children to avoid lying and sitting too much as this is going to put more weight.

Similarly, limit the amount of time your child watches TV, video games and other sort of activities. Most experts believe that children should watch no more than 2 hours of TV each day.

Get rid of all screens (including mobile phones) at the time of sleep at night.

 

Also Read: How to Overcome Eating Disorders Using This New Technique?

 

 

Source: Wtrf.com

Nanogel May Protect Cancer Kids From Hearing Loss

hearing loss in kids

Hearing Loss in Kids: There is a new invention coming ahead to prevent children from hearing loss during their cancer treatment. Nanogel can prove effective in patients going for chemotherapy.

As per a report in this regard, almost 90% children are able to survive from cancer but during the course of treatment, they tend to suffer from permanent hearing loss. It happens due to the toxicity of chemotherapy drugs.

Since there is no proper treatment available to handle hearing loss due to the course of treatment of patients who undergo chemotherapy.

Nanogel is basically a bile-acid product which is injected into ears before chemotherapy is performed. The procedure may prevent hearing loss in them.

 

Also Read: Cancer Eradication In All Drug Trial Patients Brings New Hope

Nanogel Efficiency to Prevent Hearing Loss

According to the present situation, there is currently no treatment available for the loss occurred during treatment of patients who have to undergo chemotherapy.

As per the new research, scientists have come up with nanogel which may prove effective in getting rid of this problem during the course of their treatment for other diseases.

Nanogel is a bile acid based product designed and developed by a group of scientists at Curtin including synthetic chemists, cochlea physiologists, ENT surgeons, pharmaceutical scientists, and other clinicians.

Thy have developed the product using the bile extract. In the procedure, human bile extract is used to make it thick and take the shape of a gel. Now, this gel is capable of injecting into the ears.

This technique can help children to protect from the side effects of procedures like chemotherapy which mainly targets and destroys cancer tissues.

But the problem is that during the course of their reaction, they also kill healthy body tissues resulting into issues like hearing loss.

This is what Ms Bellekom said, “The Telethon grant will allow Ear Science to further develop an established and proven nano-gel, improving efficacy and making it safer for use in our children,” she stated.

 

Also Read: Children Represent Over A Quarter of the Weekly US COVID-19 Cases: Pediatricians

 

 

Source: Medindia.net