Cardiovascular Health: Do you know why India is called the diabetes capital of the world? It’s mainly because we have more than 70 million people suffering from diabetes.
Well, this is a huge number that needs to be reduced. Now a days, you can see even younger people are getting diabetes and even suffering from cardiovascular health issues.
Experts say that if we are unable to take care of this ever growing menace, diabetes may lead to the continued health hazards in the country.
What Does the Study Says?
A new study in this regard has found the effectiveness of maintaining a great cardiovascular health in preventing type 2 diabetes among middle aged people.
Leaving genetic predisposition aside, a great cardiovascular health simply reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in their mid age.
What’s Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body either doesn’t able to produce enough insulin or become susceptible to act against the already produced insulin. This causes increasing the levels of blood glucose which takes the shape of type 2 diabetes.
It simply means that liver also reduces its function in absorbing and producing glucose. And when it happens, it means liver is not responding to insulin to stop this production.
In early stages, pancreas (gland) tends to secretes additional insulin to nullify the effect, but the entire process finally fails.
Insulin is an essential hormone produced by pancreas. It’s basically involved in regulating the transporting glucose into body cells to release energy. If the body has high sugar levels, it may damage organs and other body functionality.
Developing type 2 diabetes also depends on several other factors including genetic and non genetic factors.
It can involve a person’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Today, there are many evidences to show that simple lifestyle changes can directly reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
As per a study conducted in Netherlands, it has been proved that a good cardiovascular health can greatly reduce the chances of developing type 2 diabetes in the future. The study was conducted in middle aged people without having a history or genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes.
The Study On Cardiovascular Health
The study was conducted on 5,993 people without T2D. The average of participants in the study conducted was 69 years of age. Out of them 58% were women.
All of them were given CVH scores that was based on a range of some parameters like their physical activity, diet, cholesterol level, blood pressure, smoking behavior and Body Mass Index (BMI).
The CVH score calculated were of range 0-12 where 12 happened to be the best score. Now, based on the above parameters, all the participants were divided into 3 groups like poor, intermediate and ideal.
The team conducted the study also calculated the value of biological CVH that mainly compromises their smoking habits, cholesterol level and blood pressure. Next, a particular CVH score was given to all of them by considering all the above factors.
At the same time, the team also calculated the genetic risk involved in each participant and was categorized to be low, intermediate and high.
Results Based On the Study
After the study was conducted, those with high genetic risk, the lifetime risk of type 2 diabetes was 23.5%, 33.7% and 38.7% for the ideal, intermediate and poor CVH groups, respectively.
Further, the ideal CVH group has the lowest lifetime risk of type 2 diabetes than intermediate and poor groups.
In the same way, the lifetime risk of T2D, the risk of getting type 2 diabetes risk was lower in CVH groups than in poor and intermediate groups.
The above study conducted on middle aged people mainly had a conclusion that regardless of genetic inclusion, favorable CVH health score is the crucial thing to prevent the risk of type 2 diabetes, especially in the middle aged people.
How Your Cardiovascular Health Related to Diabetes
The study conducted above on middle aged people had some limitations. The data collected by team mainly had individuals CVH parameters at baseline that was the case of 20-27 years ago. And this could comprise to the wrong classification of participants across all categories listed.
In the same ways, some results that were given were taken from a small group of people. And so, it doesn’t look feasible to implement the ideas generated by the experts after the study was conducted.
Most participants in the study conducted were European ancestry, and thus limiting the study range.